Refinishing Floors

     When it comes to refinishing floors we can do all kinds of wood as well as styles. Just to name a few: hardwood, softwood, parquet, pre-finished, reclaimed woods of varring kinds, as well rough sawn woods.

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To Start:

 We plastic off all other areas the house where we are not working. We also plastic off the kitchen cupboards if we are working in the kitchen. The sanding equipment we use to refinish your floors with have bags hooked up to the side of the machine that will suck up most of the dust. The large sander requires 220 power, we can get this from a stove or dryer plug. We can also connect to the main power panel box.

 

 

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Sanding Procedure:

When refinishing your floors the sanding will consist of a coarse, medium and fine grit of sandpaper on the entire floor. Additional sanding may be required if the floor is to be stained.  All corners will be then hand scraped and hand sanded.  Also all edges of room are hand vibrated.  The area will then be buffed with a floor buffing machine to a 120 grit. After sanding to ensure your home is clean, all areas will be completely vacuumed including window sills, baseboards, floor vents etc.

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Now we get into you options. If you already know exactly what you want click one of the buttons blow and it will bring  you where you need to be for the rest of our procedure. First you need to decide if you are going to have you floors natural or stain them a color. Natural means after the sanding process we apply the urethane which means whatever color the wood of you floor is, is the color it will be.  If you decide to stain it a color there is a multitude of colors you can go with, everything from traditional wood colors to all the colors in the rainbow. 

 

Urethanes

Oil Based

  • More Durable 

  • Yellows over time

  • longer curing time

 

VS

Water Based

  • Shorter Curing time

  • Less odor

  • Non Yellowing

 

 
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Natural with Oil Base

Natural with Water Base

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 After sanding we apply the first coat of oil base urethane.  We will return ​the following day to buff the floor with a 220 screen and hand rub all of the edges.  We vacuum the floor followed by tack ragging.  We do the tack ragging to make sure there is absolutely no dust on the floor. After all this the second coat will be applied. The following day we will return again to repeat the whole process  before applying the last and final coat. If the dwelling is occupied during the third, which is the final coat, we can not guarantee a smooth finish.

 

 After sanding we apply the first coat of water base urethane.  The first coat should dry in under an hour. We will remain on the job site until dried and then apply the second coat. Second coat should be allowed to dry 4-6hrs before being walked on.  We will then return the following day to buff the floor with a 220 screen and hand rub all of the edges.  We vacuum the floor followed by tack ragging.  We do the tack ragging to make sure there is absolutely no dust on the floor. If the dwelling is occupied during the third, which is the final coat, we can not guarantee a smooth finish.

 

 

 Sometimes depending on the stain being used, the type of wood or the age of the wood before applying the satin we will do a procedure called water popping the wood.  All this is, is simply  taking a damp cloth and wiping the  entire floor area, afterwards industrial fans will then be set up to dry the floor. This procedure will open the grain of the wood to ensure a more consistent color if needed.  Our professional floor refinishing technicians will determine if this is necessary during the sanding procedure. After the floor has completely dried we hand rub and wipe one coat of stain to the desired color. Stain must dry approximately 15-24hrs so that the urethane adheres properly. When  staining  the floor we must get to the very edge of the  room and therefor a minimal amount  of stain may get on the quarter round and have to be touched up by the home owner.  

Stain with Oil Base

Stain with Water Base

We use both Bona Mega or Bona Traffic HD urethane when refinishing floors. I have a link for both products below if you would like to get more information on them.

 After sanding we apply the first coat of oil base urethane.  We will return ​the following day to buff the floor with a 220 screen and hand rub all of the edges.  We vacuum the floor followed by tack ragging.  We do the tack ragging to make sure there is absolutely no dust on the floor. After all this the second coat will be applied. The following day we will return again to repeat the whole process  before applying the last and final coat. If the dwelling is occupied during the third, which is the final coat, we can not guarantee a smooth finish.

 

 After sanding we apply the first coat of water base urethane.  The first coat should dry in under an hour. We will remain on the job site until dried and then apply the second coat. Second coat should be allowed to dry 4-6hrs before being walked on.  We will then return the following day to buff the floor with a 220 screen and hand rub all of the edges.  We vacuum the floor followed by tack ragging.  We do the tack ragging to make sure there is absolutely no dust on the floor. If the dwelling is occupied during the third, which is the final coat, we can not guarantee a smooth finish.

 

We strain the urethane to make sure there are no containments from the factory before applying the final coat.  There are two ways to apply urethane. The first uses a big foot applicator, with this application the urethane is poured on the floor in a line and then worked across the floor using a squeegee motion.  We don’t use this procedure because we don’t feel it leaves enough urethane on the floor.  We use a 15mm micro fiber roller to ensure the maximum thickness of the finish.  After final coat is completed the customer should not walk on it for at least 8-12hrs.  The total curing time for Bona urethane is 7 days. (70% after 1st day, 90% after 3 days)  

 

Furniture can be replaced the following day but must be placed and not dragged or shoved into place as the finish will not be completely cured for 7 days.  Absolutely do not drag any furniture even the tiniest little bit with cardboard or carpet underneath as this could cause severe damage to the floor.  Area rugs should not be put on the floor for a minimum of 7-10 days as the back of the rug could possibly leave an imprint in the finish.  Felt Tac pads should be applied to all furniture and inspected every year to see if they need replacing. If you buy cheep felt pads they are more likely to come off and could cause your furniture to damage your newly finished floors

 

Finishing Touches